Department of Automatic Control, Lund Institute of TechnologyAutomatic Control

KCFP, Closed-Loop Combustion Control

Researchers: Rolf Johansson, Anders Widd in cooperation with Assoc. Prof. Per Tunestål and Prof. Bengt Johansson, Div. Combustion Engines.

KCFP, Closed-Loop Combustion Modeling and Control

Competence Center Combustion Processes at Lund University focuses on research of combustion processes between conventional HCCI (Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition) and classical Otto and Diesel engines.

Project aims:
In addition to aspects of modeling related to thermodynamics, chemical combustion kinetics, and engine operation, careful attention is required for control-oriented combustion modeling and the interactions among dynamics, control, thermodynamics and chemical combustion properties.  Modeling of engine-load transients as well as thermal transients also belong to this important domain of modeling. Progress in this area is important and necessary for successful and robust control such as model-predictive control.

Within the project a cycle-resolved, physics-based, model of HCCI has been developed. The model includes a low-complexity model of the cylinder wall temperature dynamics in order to capture the relevant time-scales of transient HCCI when only small amounts of hot residuals are trapped in the cylinder. The temperature evolution of the gas charge is modeled as isentropic compression and expansion with three heat transfer events during each cycle.

During 2008, work focused on design and evaluation of model predictive controllers based on linearizations of the model. The considered control signals were the inlet valve closing and the intake temperature. Simulations were used for the initial control design and the resulting controller was tested experimentally. The control performance was evaluated in terms of response time to set-point changes and the resulting output variance.

It was found that a comparable decrease in the output variance in some operating points could be achieved either by introducing a disturbance model or by changing linearization. All tested set-point changes were accomplished within 20 engine cycles or less. Only minor changes to the intake temperature were required for moderate changes. The closed-loop system showed good robustness towards disturbances in engine speed, injected fuel energy, and the amount of recycled exhaust gases.


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Rolf Johansson
Last modified: 2009-02-13